Rob Bell is the pastor of one of the fastest growing churches
in the history of America. The church is in Grandville, a suburb
of Grand Rapids, MI. He recently published a book, Velvet Elvis,
Repainting the Christian Faith. His title refers to an old painting
in his basement of Elvis Presley. Bell maintains that this painting
is not the ultimate work of art that makes all future works of art
worthless or unnecessary. Art needs to continue. It needs to develop.
In the same way, Rob Bell maintains that even though we have been
given many different new paintings of Christianity throughout the
centuries, we must continue to paint new pictures of the Christian
faith. Velvet Elvis is Rob Bell's attempt to repaint the Christian
Rob Bell invites us to his "Velvet Elvis", his repainting of
the Christian faith with these words, "I am learning that my tradition
includes the rabbis and reformers and revolutionaries and monks
and nuns and pastors and writers and philosophers and artists and
every person everywhere who has asked big questions of a big God."1
Bell's attempt at repainting the Christian faith is part of a
larger picture. Ron Gleason articulates this in three articles in
Christian Renewal.2 He introduces us to the key players in a movement
called the "Emergent Church Movement".
Rob Bell is specifically mentioned as a member of this group.
Gleason quotes a summary of the broad characteristics of the group
articulated by Os Guinness in Prophetic Untimeliness, "The
church' and the 'emerging church' are everything. The talk is all
of new ways of 'doing church' through reinventing, revising, Innovating,
borrowing, mixing, and experimenting. ...Ministers are no longer
theological authorities but the 'chief storytellers' and facilitators
of a new joint spiritual journey'."3
Rob Bell's view of the Christian faith is a part of this very
broad perspective. A subset of the Christian tradition may be orthodox
Christianity but the Christian faith tradition is not limited to
this. His repainting is not an interpretation of the text of Scripture
but an alteration of the text of Scripture. Ultimately, Rob Bell
does not repaint the Christian faith. He paints a picture that is
not a picture of the Christian faith or the truth of Christianity.
But his new picture of error is not really new at all. It is old
error. It is old false teaching. It is the same old errors of the
past repainted. Rob Bell forsakes truth. He rejects it. He deceives.
He is a false teacher. He repaints the errors of the past.
The Repainting of the Christian Faith presents a philosophy of
human existence that is inconsistent with the truth revealed in
God's Word. There are many pieces of the picture Rob Bell paints
that can be looked at. It is important to examine the arms, legs,
and other aspects of his repainting. However, I will begin by trying
to step back and see the big picture he tries to paint.
According to Rob Bell, we all live in the reality of God, but
we do not all realize the reality of the love of God. God is love.
Love is ultimate reality. God is absolute. Love is absolute. Wherever
people love, they live in the reality of God. Loving a neighbor,
an enemy, or the environment is living in the reality of God. People
may not be aware of God; they may deny the existence of God; but
human love is impossible without living in God. Living in the reality
of love is living in the reality of God. Wherever humans love, the
wonder of God is present. We invite all people who love to continue
to live in love and to experience the joy of loving God. Shame exists
where there is an absence of love. Hell is not a place where people
experience the wrath of God. Even the reality of Hell is the love of God. Hell is a place where people continue to live,
ignoring the ever present reality of the love and forgiveness of
God. People choose to continue to ignore love. The absolute reality
of God, the reality of God's love remains constant. This is Rob
Bells repainting of the errors of past centuries.
It is essential that we begin by analyzing Rob Bell's false teaching
about the nature of TRUTH itself. He rejects the Bible's teaching
According to Mr. Bell there are two ways to approach doctrine:
as a brick or a spring.4 The brick approach to doctrine is solid,
unmoving and unchanging. It has no life. It is the wrong approach.
A spring has life; it is flexible, and it is constantly changing.
Rob Bell believes all doctrines are springs. By embracing such a
view of doctrine and truth Mr. Bell drives a wedge between reality
and doctrinal truth. He creates a paradox where there isn't one.
Bell views doctrines as "statements about our faith that help give
words to the depth that we are experiencing."5 He makes a false
distinction between the experience of our faith and the truth. The
subjective trumps the objective. Experience is the reality. Words
are incapable of conveying absolute truth. There is absolute
reality in experience but no absolute reality in words. There is
no concept in Rob Bell's teaching that part of the experience of
God is knowing, by faith, truth about God and His works revealed
in the words of Scripture. He writes, "Our words aren't absolutes.
Only God is absolute, and God has no intention of sharing this absoluteness
with anything, especially words people have come up with to talk
about him."6 These themes of Rob Bell sound like the anti-Christian
philosophical god of Hegel, "The Absolute is infinite life, and
love is the consciousness of the unity of this life, of unity with
the infinite life itself and of unity with other men through this
Of course Rob Bell does what he declares impossible. He declares
with words that God is absolute. He describes what has been historically
called the incomprehensibility of God, with the word absolute. But
he does more than strive to define this truth with a different name.
He claims that saying anything absolute with words about the true
God is impossible. He writes, "Words aren't absolutes". He has with
words declared an "absolute", which he declares impossible.
Rob Bell's repainting of false teaching looks like a merger of
the dialectic philosophy of Hegel, the liberalism of Rudolph Bultmann
and the neo-orthodoxy of Karl Barth. Rob Bell has embraced these and
other errors and merged them into postmodernism, an anti-Christian
philosophy teaching the impossibility of absolute truth. Both postmodern
21st century philosophy and 20th century "modern liberalism" have
influenced Rob Bell. A more appropriate title for Rob Bell's painting,
his "Velvet Elvis", is "Postmodern Liberalism". Rob Bell accomplishes
what he sets out to do. His painting includes "every person everywhere
who has asked big questions of a big God"8 even when their answers
deny the truths of the Bible.
The false teaching that the Christian faith needs to be repainted
for every culture has a long history. Sadly, these historic attacks
on Christian truth are alive and well. Hegel replaced the Christian
faith with declarations about a thesis always having an antithesis
that results in a synthesis that becomes the new thesis in a never-ending
quest for truth. Truth is redefined as the never-ending quest itself.
There is no absolute truth. Truth is a constant experience of paradox.
Every time you think you have truth, its opposite enters into your
experience of reality.
Rob Bell repaints this error. There are no absolute answers to
our questions. Doctrines are springs that must be flexible, for
the answers to our doctrinal questions only produce more questions,
whether about God's love or the Trinity. "An answer... raises even
deeper questions. ...Truth always leads to more...truth. Because
truth is insight into God and God is infinite and God has no boundaries
or edges. So truth always has layers and depth and texture.
...It's like a pool that you dive into...no matter how hard and
fast you swim downward the pool keeps getting...deeper. The bottom
will always be out of reach."9 He writes, "The very nature of orthodox
Christian faith is that we never come to the end. It begs for more.
More discussion, more inquiry, more debate, more questions"10
(Rob Bell often breaks grammatical rules to emphasize his point that there are no absolutes). In language
close to Hegel's anti-Christian philosophy of truth, Rob Bell writes,
"It's not so much that the Christian faith has a lot of paradoxes.
It's that it is a lot paradoxes (sic). And we cannot resolve a paradox.
We have to let it be what it is."11
He equates this view of truth with the word "reformed".
the Reformers of Luther's day knew that what they "did and wrote
and decided would need to be revisited. Rethought. Reworked. ...By this I do not mean cosmetic, superficial changes like better
lights and music... I mean theology: the beliefs about God, Jesus,
the Bible, salvation, the future (sic). We must keep reforming the way the
Christian faith is defined, lived and explained."12
This analysis of the Reformation is historical revisionism and
denies Biblical truth. First, the reformers did believe the church
would always be reforming, but not as defined by Rob Bell. True,
the church failed to be perfect, but there was a perfect standard
to be measured against. There was truth really discovered. The Reformers
never thought that every Biblical-theological doctrine they wrote
and decided needed to be reformed, changed and explained. Confessional
statements arising out of the Reformation were declarations of truth.
The possibility of error always exists. But absolute error exists
just as absolute truth.
Second, instead of doctrine needing to be reformed by living,
Protestants believed our living needed to be reformed according
to doctrine. There is absolute truth about God found in the Bible:
truth about how we should live and about the reality in which we
exist. Human living is what is fallible and unreliable. Mr. Bell
turns this upside down. Living is what is real and true. Words are
just attempts to verbalize the truth in which we live.
Third, Rob Bell misuses the word reform. He believes it means
new. But, God forms the church and the form is given in His word.
The historical church continues to fail to live up to this perfect
standard of truth of what the church should be. So, because we have
failed to be what God reveals in His Word, the church and individuals
must be reformed into the mold God gives us in the New Testament.
But this is not the goal of Rob Bell; he writes, "The goal is not
to be a 'New Testament church'. That makes the New Testament church
the authority. The authority is God who is acting in and through
those people at that time and now these people at this time. The
point is to ask, what is God up to here, now?"13 For Bell there is
no absolute word from God about "now". New truth must be discovered.
Through living we discover the truth for today that will change
Rob Bell describes all people or groups that claim to have absolute
truth as bricks. He judges that all such people are liars. However,
the Bible makes that claim. Protestants make that claim. The historic
Evangelical consensus of the 20th century made that claim. I make
that claim. According to Rob Bell we are liars. We are bricks. Rob
Bell's strongest attacks and criticism are against movements, churches,
people and pastors like myself who claim truth. Not because what
we say may be wrong. That is not the problem. The problem is to
claim truth. He writes, "It sounds nice to say, I'm not giving
you my opinion; I'm just telling you what it (the Bible) means. The problem is, it is not
true. I'm actually giving you my opinion, my interpretation of what
it really says. And the more I insist that I am giving you the objective
truth of what it really says, the less objective I am actually being."14
He condemns anyone who claims to have an absolute word from God
on the matter of truth. Of course this is Rob Bell's absolute word
from God that all truth claims are just interpretations about truth.
He then goes on to give Biblical example for his view.
He cites the Jerusalem council of Acts 15 as the Biblical basis
for this view of truth. He claims they "don't claim to have an absolute
word from God on the matter."15 Therefore, we should never claim
to have absolute truth on the teaching of the Word of God. First,
assuming there are some matters where we cannot claim absolute truth
does not mean that we cannot claim absolute truth on any matter.
Second, one wonders why Rob Bell even bothers to cite a Biblical
example to tell us what is the truth of how to talk about the Bible,
if the Bible is all just a personal interpretation. But to say you
are doctrinally WRONG is wrong, except if it is Rob Bell condemning
bricks for thinking they are right. He claims to know the truth
about truth. But Rob Bell is wrong on the truth about truth. He
is outside the orthodox Christian faith about truth. Thus, when
he says he agrees with Christian truth, he means something vastly different from Protestants or Catholics or Presbyterians
or Baptists. We have historically disagreed with one another but
one thing we agree on is that there is truth. Part